10% Off Your First Order

Join us on the Nike App for your exclusive offer. Download

Students Now Get 10% Off
Free Standard Delivery & 30-Day Free Returns

Never Done Imagining

Department of Nike Archives

Unwrap the behind-the-scenes stories, surprising moments and daring decisions that enabled Air to transcend culture against all odds—and get inspired by it to create your own iconic iterations.

Last updated: May 17, 2022
4 min read

Air has spawned looks, lyrics and genres, and taken athletes to new heights. It has redefined what a shoe should look like, and what a shoe can be. And yet, it could have flopped rather than flown at so many moments.

Never Done Imagining: The Power of Air
Never Done Imagining: The Power of Air

A series of quotes from around the project from those who were unconvinced by the project's potential/chance of success.

"Hell, we didn't know what we were doing".
—Bill Peterson

"That'll never work. The bags will blow up".
—Tinker anecdotally quoting people's perception

It began with an engineer—Frank Rudy. A man not necessarily with a plan, but an idea for a semi-permeable membrane that could trap a large-molecule gas inside. However, he initially used Air to enhance the fit and support of ski boots, rather than power a more comfortable and performance-enhancing running ride. Having pivoted to serve runners, subsequent steps were not the smooth sailing that the intrepid innovator might have expected either, with prototypes exploding in one early pitch.

Never Done Imagining: The Power of Air
Never Done Imagining: The Power of Air
Never Done Imagining: The Power of Air

"Everyone thought it was a bad idea".

Frank Rudy

The Nike relationship almost never happened as well, with Rudy only catching a brand representative with minutes to spare at a footwear convention. His initial call to co-founder Phil Knight was made from a back hallway, and it was a simple 20-minute test run weeks later, in a pair of Cortez shoes with an Air demo stuffed inside, that gained his approval.

It would be easy to say the rest is history, but many more twists and turns were to come.

The hand-welded prototypes that would blow out miles into long test runs, leaving wearers to limp back in near-freezing temperatures.

The military-level secrecy—enforced by a local biker gang—that Rudy insisted on, that meant only a handful of people knew the process end to end.

The decision to release Nike's first Air shoe, Tailwind, in silver paint, which caused the shoe to fall apart within weeks.

The alternative innovations that never made it: from Spider, a plastic honeycomb structure, to Corrugated Air, which resembled the walls of a cardboard box.

Never Done Imagining: The Power of Air
Never Done Imagining: The Power of Air

The glorious failures that made Air possible. One of the early Air Max prototypes tested in 1986.

The first versions of visible Air, created as early as 1980, that were only stumbled upon when a plastics salesman visited Nike to query them about polyurethane, and bumped into Frank Rudy sitting in the same room.

The proclamation by some execs, in response to an early edition of Air Max, that it was "a cheap marketing gimmick".

The unusual inspirations behind key designs; from ribs and lungs leading to the Air Max 95, to mountain bikes and water ripples ending up as integral to iconic AM97s.

At first, many questioned VaporMax's bubbled design, or 360 degrees of Air (AM360, itself a crucial innovation, with nitrogen replacing greenhouse gas SF6 to fill soles). Both went on to be hugely successful.

Air innovator Bill Peterson recounts the team were told not to talk to people outside of Nike, "because they'll find out how stupid we are". But without them, the mindset of being bold and daring in theory, and learning and iterating from reality, would not remain to this day. Join us in the video above and at iconic locations to peel back more layers of the Air journey, and add the next chapter in the story with Nike By You.

Meet the Family

Never Done Imagining: The Power of Air

Related Stories

Rebels Are Never Done

Department of Nike Archives

Rebels Are Never Done

Never Done Challenging Convention: Circa 72

Department of Nike Archives

Never Done Challenging Convention

Never Done Iterating: Pegasus: Running's Workhorse

Department of Nike Archives

Never Done Iterating

Never Done Rising: Rise of Women’s Football

Department of Nike Archives

Never Done Rising

Never Done Questioning: NSRL

Department of Nike Archives

Never Done Questioning