NIKE STATEMENT ON FORCED LABOR, HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND MODERN SLAVERY FOR FISCAL YEAR 2019
At NIKE, we believe we have a responsibility to conduct our business in an ethical way. We expect the same from our suppliers, and focus on working with long-term, strategic suppliers that demonstrate a commitment to engaging their workers, providing safe working conditions and advancing environmental responsibility. This includes working to combat risks of forced labor, modern slavery and human trafficking.
For more information on NIKE's sustainable engagement in our supply chain, please see our annual Impact Report that details some of the drivers we have in place to transform our working relationships with suppliers to incentivize changes that benefit their workers.
The following provides information required under the UK Modern Slavery Act of 2015 and the California Transparency in Supply Chains Act of 2010 as they relate to NIKE’s business practices, and specifically how we address issues of forced labor.
II. NIKE OVERVIEW AND SUPPLY CHAIN STRUCTURE
NIKE is the largest seller of athletic footwear and apparel in the world. We sell our products through NIKE-owned retail stores and through digital platforms, to retail accounts and through a mix of independent distributors, licensees and sales representatives in virtually all countries around the world. Virtually all of our products are manufactured by independent contractors.
We are focusing on quality, long-term supply agreements with fewer factories, that are committed to our strict standards of sustainability and product excellence. Our sourcing strategy prioritizes and favors suppliers that show demonstrable leadership in corporate responsibility and sustainability, seeking to move beyond minimum standards. As part of our growth strategy, we seek suppliers who drive sustainable business growth by minimizing their environmental impacts, fostering a strong culture of safety and developing an engaged and valued workforce.
NIKE has disclosed the independent factories contracted to make NIKE products since 2005. An interactive map of NIKE’s current suppliers can be found here: http://manufacturingmap.nikeinc.com/. The map includes the supplier group, location of the facility, type of products produced, number of workers, and information on the workforce profile including percentage employment of women and migrant workers.
NIKE’s commitment to ethical practices in our own operations and our supply chain begins at the highest level – from our CEO and Board of Directors. NIKE, Inc.’s Corporate Responsibility, Sustainability & Governance Committee of the Board of Directors review and evaluate the Company’s significant strategies, activities, policies, investments and programs regarding corporate purpose, including corporate responsibility, sustainability, human rights, global community and social impact, and diversity and inclusion; and, provide oversight of management’s efforts to ensure that the Company’s dedication to sustainability (including environmental and supply chain sustainability and human rights) is reflected in its business operation.
NIKE’s Purpose Committee – composed of our Chief Administrative Officer, Chief Communications Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer, Chief Marketing Officer, President Consumer and Marketplace, Executive Vice President Global Human Resources, Vice President/General Manager Global Categories, President of NIKE Direct, President Categories and Product, and the President Jordan Brand – reviews and confirms all company-wide sustainability policies and targets, reviews performance toward targets, receives updates on key issues and emerging trends, and provides oversight for efforts to improve data, transparency and disclosure.
III. NIKE’S CODE OF CONDUCT AND STANDARDS TO ADDRESS FORCED LABOR
NIKE takes seriously national and international efforts to end all kinds of forced labor – whether in the form of prison labor, indentured labor, bonded labor, human trafficking or otherwise.
NIKE’s requirements for suppliers are contained in our Code of Conduct and Code Leadership Standards. The Code of Conduct lays out the required minimum standards we expect each supplier factory or facility to meet in producing NIKE products and includes strict requirements around forced and child labor, excessive overtime, compensation, and freedom of association amongst other requirements. The Code Leadership Standards specify how the Code of Conduct must be implemented. The document also articulates how we measure factories’ compliance efforts and progress against our Code of Conduct including specific requirements on the management of key forced labor risks.
We have progressively raised expectations for our contract factories through evolving standards of our Code of Conduct and Code Leadership Standards. NIKE’s Code of Conduct and Code Leadership Standards include specific requirements to address key risks of forced labor including, but not limited to, prohibiting workers paying fees for employment, requiring terms and conditions of employment to be provided and explained prior to departure from the home country with adequate time for review, providing contracts in both the worker’s language and legally enforceable language in the receiving country, and prohibiting requirements to post bonds or make deposits as a condition of employment.
IV. DIRECT SUPPLIERS' CERTIFICATION OF MATERIALS
NIKE requires its finished goods suppliers to verify they are sourcing materials from vendors that are compliant with NIKE's Restricted Substances List (RSL) and NIKE’s Code of Conduct. NIKE's Supply Agreements also explicitly require suppliers to comply with all local and country-specific labor laws and NIKE’s Code of Conduct and Code Leadership Standards.
V. DUE DILIGENCE, RISK ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING
NIKE continually evaluates and updates its systems to identify and address risks in its supply chain, including those related to slavery and human trafficking. This process includes information from external sources such as risk assessments for key human rights risks, supplier specific risk profiling based on location including the employment of vulnerable worker groups and areas of improvement identified in audits. We also review information on key and emerging risk areas identified through our engagement with external stakeholders. NIKE is working towards mapping these risks further up the supply chain and to expand engagement with Tier 2 suppliers where additional risks of forced labor may occur.
In FY19, NIKE launched Verité’s CUMULUS Forced Labor Screen™, a new due diligence tool to help identify risks related to the recruitment of foreign migrant workers by NIKE suppliers. NIKE is among the first adopters of the tool during its limited release with our initial launch in Malaysia. In 2020, we will continue to evaluate expansion to other high-risk countries.
Additionally, in FY19, NIKE began foreign migrant worker due diligence assessments for both our Tier 1 and Tier 2 suppliers in Malaysia. We are scaling to additional countries in FY20. The work aims to help us understand current recruitment practices more deeply and map overlaps in recruitment agents at both the facility and country level.
These steps will allow NIKE to identify opportunities to further support our suppliers and their recruiting agents in implementing best practices.
We regularly audit contract factories, which are monitored on a schedule based on their performance. These assessments take the form of audit visits, both announced and unannounced to measure against the NIKE Code of Conduct, Code Leadership Standards and local law.
NIKE uses both internal and external third-party audits to assess compliance with our requirements and local law. We also monitor conditions at contract factories through audits and assessments by independent organizations, including the Fair Labor Association and the Better Work Programme, a joint project of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and International Finance Corporation (IFC). In FY19 we conducted 553 total audits and assessments.
NIKE audits include detailed criteria to identify risks of forced labor or human trafficking including the employment of vulnerable worker groups such as foreign migrants, interns and temporary workers and high-risk practices such as payment of recruitment fees or restrictions on freedom of movement.
VI. REMEDIATION AND EFFECTIVENESS
NIKE works with internal, external, and independent monitors to carry out audits and help in remediation and capability-building efforts. If we are alerted to an issue of non-compliance within one of our contract factories, we investigate it immediately. Where improvements are required, we seek to drive ownership by factory management to identify and correct issues, and also improve systems to address root causes in order to prevent future reoccurrences.
Working with a wide range of organizations and experts, NIKE continuously seeks to improve our approach to evaluating working conditions in our supply chain and working with our suppliers to enhance their capabilities.
For example, in FY18 we worked with a supplier to address issues, identified through a NIKE audit, where foreign migrant workers paid fees related to their employment in violation of NIKE’s Code of Conduct and Code Leadership Standards. In FY19, we were alerted by a third party of its concerns that recruitment fees at the facility were not fully remediated. Upon further investigation, we coordinated with other buyers from the factory to help the factory achieve full remediation. The process yielded key learnings which we incorporated into capability-building for our current suppliers around labor agent due diligence.
VII. TRAINING AND ACCOUNTABILITY
NIKE believes suppliers that prioritize the well-being of their workers, by engaging with them to understand their needs, have better factory performance. We also believe that our ability to influence suppliers is dependent, in part, on how we build the right incentives and sanctions into our business relationships. Our Manufacturing Index (MI), introduced in 2012, scores factories on sustainability – including labor practices – on a par with traditional metrics of cost, quality and on-time delivery.
To more fully integrate our sustainability criteria into sourcing decisions NIKE provides required, annual training to those with direct responsibility for supply chain management. The training advances enhanced understanding and compliance with our sustainability policies and our Code of Conduct. The training curriculum was updated in FY19 and includes a specific highlight on our requirements to prevent risks of forced labor.
NIKE frequently convenes supplier events, or learning communities, designed to share information on NIKE expectations, developments on local policies/legislation, and other sustainability and labor best practices, including those related to management of migrant workers, a challenge that is faced by many of our suppliers and vendors in countries where it is common to recruit workers cross-border. For example, suppliers in Thailand organized a learning community event related to foreign migrant workers where they shared migrant management processes prior to recruitment, applicable legal requirements, fee mapping processes, and common challenges.
NIKE also organized supplier workshops in Malaysia and Taiwan during FY19, where suppliers were trained on mapping forced labor risks related to recruitment processes. In Malaysia, where the participants were largely Tier 1 suppliers and more mature in their management of foreign migrant workers, the focus was on strengthening their due diligence processes in the sending countries and differentiating those processes based on country of origin. In Taiwan, where the participants were Tier 2 suppliers, they were introduced to a management system framework to evaluate and improve their recruitment practices. Those Tier 2 suppliers were also offered support in developing improvement plans towards responsible recruitment, focused on successful implementation of the Employer Pays Principle, a commitment that no worker should pay for a job and the employer should pay the full costs of recruitment.
VIII. COLLABORATIVE SOLUTIONS
NIKE believes addressing critical human rights risks, such as forced labor, often requires a collective approach. NIKE has long partnered with multi-stakeholder and external organizations such as the Fair Labor Association, Sustainable Apparel Coalition, the International Labour Organization’s Better Work Programme, and the Better Cotton Initiative to address labor risks in our supply chain. Through our partnerships with these and other organizations we work on a wide range of human rights risks, including those related to forced labor and human trafficking.
In FY19 we were proud to become a founding signatory to the American Apparel and Footwear Association & Fair Labor Association’s Apparel & Footwear Commitment on Responsible Recruitment. The principles of the Commitment, centered on addressing risks for forced labor, are aligned with NIKE’s standards and the work we have been doing with our supply chain manufacturers for more than a decade. We believe this builds on the focus by several other sectors to drive change in the dynamics of how workers are recruited for cross border employment.
In FY19 NIKE joined the Leadership Group for Responsible Recruitment (LGRR), an initiative of the Institute for Human Rights and Business and the Responsible Labor Initiative (RLI), an initiative of the Responsible Business Alliance to further our work and goals on eliminating forced labor risks in our supply chain. Each organization helps us to advance core aspects of our strategy.
NIKE shares the aims of the LGRR to drive positive change in the international recruitment industry starting with a focus on prohibiting workers paying fees for their employment. We believe the adoption of the Employer Pays Principle is a critical factor in helping eliminate forced labor risks in our supply chain, industry and beyond. We also engage in moving the agenda on this important topic forward through our support of LGRR’s advocacy to governments and organizations for the adoption of the Employer Pays Principle.
As part of the RLI, NIKE is able to advance our work with suppliers on the implementation of our standards for ethical recruitment and employment of foreign workers. The RLI is focused on providing support to brands and suppliers to understand, prioritize and address forced labor risks through the development of concrete tools designed to improve recruitment and employment practices. NIKE is also a member of RLI’s Steering Committee.
During FY19, NIKE was also involved in specific factory remediation, in Jordan and Taiwan, in collaboration with other brands, to advance responsible recruitment and employment practices across the sector and deeper within our supply chain. NIKE has also been actively engaged with the Malaysia government through round table sessions, workshops and meetings focused on Malaysia as the receiving country for foreign migrant workers, a worker’s group that is especially vulnerable to forced labor risks.
We will continue to expand our work with other peers, NGOs, and organizations to increase respect for human rights and to accelerate positive impact in the countries where we and our suppliers operate.